Acrylic Paint: Tips and Brands
Vallejo, Lifecolor, Tamiya, Mig Ammo, etc.
Acrylic Paint Brands
I primarily use acrylic paints, partially because they are easy to use, but also because I can't deal with harsh smells of enamels. Now, understand the "acrylic" refers to the binder in the paint. The thinner may be water, alcohol, or even something else. But the binding agent is an acrylic of some sort. Different brands have a different type of acrylic binder. Thus, each has a certain use.
- Comes in several varieties. Model Color, Game Color, Panzer Aces, and Flames of War are all thick paint designed for hand-painting. Model Air is a little bit thinner but still works great for hand-painting.
- Comes in dropper bottles. You must use a palate, and you must thin it (with either the Thinner Medium or water).
- This stuff is great for painting figures, details, and paint chips.
- CON - Not so great for doing hairspray chipping as the acrylic polymer tends to make the paint peel off instead of chip away.
- Great for airbrushing and color selection.
- Lifecolor paints layer very well. Add a little water while painting to create gradients of color.
- Their Rust & Dust set is spectacular.
- Works great with the hairspray chipping effect
- CON - Difficult to buy in the States
- Alcohol-based: they dry faster and are more dense than other acrylics
- These are fantastic at airbrushing.
- Works the best with the hairspray chipping effect
- You can use lacquer thinners, like Mr. Leveling Thinner to get fantastic results.
- CON - Difficult to hand-paint with
- AK Interactive
- Originally, these paints were tedious to use in my opinion.
- Now, they seem to perform great at both airbrushing and hand-painting.
- Their acrylic primers perform well and have no smell.
- Add hematite beads (see below) to help agitate the paint.
- CON - Difficult to mix up (shake it like crazy)
- Mig Ammo
- Dries hard and airbrushes well.
- Paint in light, translucent layers for best results.
- Mig has "washable" paints that can be removed with water.
- Newer yellow-cap Ammo paints work better and have steel ball agitators.
- They also produce "crystal" paints that dry to look like glass (great for dials).
- CON - Difficult to mix up (shake it like crazy)
- Citadel/Games Workshop
- Similar to Vallejo in consistency, but I don't like them as much.
- They do have the better flesh colors than Vallejo.
- I haven't had any luck airbrushing them.
CON - Poor durability, I don't like the bottle design
Acrylic paint MUST be mixed well, especially for airbrushing. Some of the paint stirrers I use;
- Old paintbrush
- Great for general mixing and airbrush cups
- Styrene/brass rods
- Good for mixing inside bottles
- DON'T use in an airbrush cup
However, the best things I have found to mix paint are Hematite beads. I buy strands of 8mm beads and drop one in every jar of paint I have. Then, when you shake the paint, they act as an agitator, mixing the paint up. You'd be surprised how much better your paint works when you have an agitator inside. Hematite is heavier than steel but won't affect the paint or rust in the jars. They can be reused over and over again, just wash them off.
For the most consistent results, pre-mix your airbrushing paints in a separate container. Then transfer them to the airbrush. It's harder to determine the ratio of paint to thinner if mixed in the airbrush cup. This is especially true for denser paints, like Tamiya, and when mixing in lacquer thinners (which many acrylics can handle). However, I still tend to mix a lot in the airbrush cup, especially since I use gravity-feed airbrushes. It's just faster, and uses less paint.
- Metallic paints require fine pigments to create an even sheen simulating metal. It's hard for acrylics to accomplish this compared to lacquer paints. However, there are many good metallic paints.
- Mig Ammo has a great line of metallics for brushing and airbrushing.
- The Metal Color line from Vallejo looks great and airbrushes/brushes very well.
- Tamiya has several metallic colors that look very convincing when airbrushed properly.
- Applying light coats of a metallic paint over a black-primed surface gives the best results.
- Use pigments if you want the best looking metallic sheen without doing lacquers
Vallejo Liquid Gold
- Vallejo's Liquid Gold line is an alcohol-based line of bright metallics that look very good.
- They require alcohol for cleanup, but can be airbrushed and hand-brushed well.
- They do dry quickly, so work on only small areas at a time.
- I used Old Gold on the Darth Vader statue
- Inks are a term used for super-thin acrylics designed to alter the hue of a surface.
- The Vallejo Game Color inks have several colors and dry semi-transparent.
- Life Color has their Tensochrome sets that provide several weathering colors.
- Essentially, you can make any acrylic like an ink, but you must thin it and maybe add a slow-drying medium.
Preparation & Priming
Acrylics only lay across the surface of a model, whereas enamels and lacquers bond to the plastic (often described as "hot" paints). Because of this, the adhesion of acrylics isn't that great. Acrylics can easily lift off from masking tape or from general handling, especially from resin and brass surfaces. So, it is important to prep your model before any painting.
First thing, you need to wash the model. Plastic and resin kits use mold release, which will prevent acrylics from adhering well to the surface. Plus, your finger oils from testing and fitting parts also causes problems. So, I usually use Windex and warm water to remove oils. You don't have to scrub the surface, just coat it in soap, let it sit, and then rinse in warm water. Resin parts may need more cleanup than basic styrene.
Next part is priming. Priming gives the acrylic paint something to "bite" onto, which is very important if you plan on handling, selling, or adding additional details to a model after painting. Here are 3 kinds of primers I use:
- Tamiya Primer
- Lacquer-based spray can, must be sprayed outside, available in grey and white
- Lays down great, doesn't obscure details, dries fast, and is easy to use
- DON'T use on foamboard
- Acrylic primers
- Vallejo, AK, and Mig Ammo make these primers in many colors
- Designed for airbrush use at 15-20 PSI
- Great for groundwork and plaster molds.
- Great for protecting foam from harsher paints
- Mr. Surfacer
- Lacquer-based pain that comes in bottles and spray cans (available in black unlike Tamiya)
- Like Tamiya, it is near-perfect, with excellent adhesion and levelling
- Airbrushing it is even better, but REQUIRES ventilation and a respirator